Chambersburg Civil War Seminars & Tours

 

100 Lincoln Way East, Chambersburg, PA 17201

 

Tel: 717-264-7101 ext. 206

 

Email: lkennedy@chambersburg.org

© 2021 by Chambersburg Civil War Seminars & Tours

THE 1777 PHILADELPHIA CAMPAIGN

APRIL 30 - MAY 3, 2020

Led by Michael C. Harris, we will focus on the Battles of Brandywine, Paoli, Germantown, Whitemarsh and the winter encampment at Valley Forge. Sites to visit include Cooch's Bridge, Brandywine Battlefield, Valley Forge National Historic Park, Billingsport, Fort Mercer, Fort Mifflin, Peter Wentz House and more! 

ITINERARY

GENERAL INFORMATION:
 
· Conference based at Holiday Inn Express  at 260 N. Gulph Rd., King of Prussia, PA 19406.


· Deluxe continental breakfast for Holiday Inn Express guests each morning. 


· Check-In will be in the hotel lobby about 1 hour before the day’s activities begin. You only need to check-in once.


· Each participant will receive a packet of tactical maps and a name badge at check-in.


· Classroom sessions will be held in the Holiday Inn conference room.


· Bus tours will leave from the Holiday Inn parking lot at the specified time.
 
  
THURSDAY, APRIL 30

1 - 5 p.m.  Afternoon Lectures
· Session held at Holiday Inn in the conference room
 
Lectures include:
· Welcome & Introduction by Eric Wittenberg, program coordinator
 
· John Sullivan and the Battle of Brandywine” -talk by Michael Harris
 John Sullivan is often blamed for Washington's defeat at the Battle of Brandywine.  However, an analysis of the primary documents paints a far different picture.  This lecture focuses on the decision making by the American high command on the day of the battle.
 
·  “An Opportunity of Annoying Them Greatly” The Battle of Cooch’s Bridge (3 September 1777) - The Opening Engagement of The Philadelphia Campaign and the Invasion of the Upper Delmarva Peninsula - talk by Wade P. Catts, RPA,
The opening engagement of the Philadelphia campaign, the Battle of Cooch’s Bridge (or Iron Hill) was a short but spirited engagement between the vanguard of the British army and an American Light Infantry Corps. The presentation integrates historical, topographical, and archaeological studies into a discussion of the battle and its context, using contemporary British, Hessian, and American accounts to reconstruct the course of the engagement, the landscape over which the battle was fought, and the battle’s outcome.
 
· “Baron Von Steuben and the Making of an Army” - talk by Eric Wittenberg
 Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben is often credited for turning the Continental Army into a professional army in the European mold. Eric J. Wittenberg will discuss the life of von Steuben and his role in the Valley Forge winter of 1777-1778, with particular emphasis on his role as a trainer and organizer of the Continental Army.
 
· “Remember Paoli” - talk by Jim Christ
"Remember Paoli", it is the nation's first battle cry and was born of the battle that was fought in Malvern, PA on night of September 20th, 1777. Learn about how British General Charles "No Flint" Grey lead around 2,000 men at night into the Great Valley to surprise over 2,000 of General Anthony Wayne's men and 2,100 Maryland Militia under General William Smallwood. The ninth bloodiest battle of the Revolutionary War left Philadelphia open to British occupation, and also left a lasting impact in the local community. In 1817 the second oldest War Memorial was dedicated and is still remembered today with the Malvern Memorial Parade. Let's explore why this battle is called the "Paoli Massacre," as well as common myths such as soldiers being asleep during the attack. General Anthony Wayne would get his reputation back during the Battle of Stony Point, NY in which he used lessons learned from the Paoli Battle to earn a complete victory and international acclaim.
 
5 - 7 p.m. Dinner on your own.

7 - 8 p.m.  Evening Lecture


· “Did Howe really steal a day’s march on Washington on 10 September 1777?” - talk by Bob Selig
 Most accounts of troop movements on 9 September and 10 September 1777 credit Sir William Howe with a fast and clandestine re-deployment of his forces on 10 September which caught George Washington and the Continental Army off guard and afforded Howe a day's worth of time to finalize his plans and deploy his troops for the battle on 11 September. An in-depth look at British and American troop movement during the 24 hours before the first exchange of fire on 11 September 1777 shows that Washington was well aware of British troop movements and had his forces in place well before Howe reached the vicinity of the Brandywine river.
 
FRIDAY, MAY 1

· Pre-Bus Tour Lecture held in the Holiday Inn conference room
· Bus leaves from Holiday Inn following lecture
· Lunch included
· Dinner on your own
 
8 - 9 a.m. Pre-Bus Tour Lecture: Overview on the opening of the campaign including sea voyage, Continental indecision, Cooch’s Bridge, Brandywine, Battle of the Clouds, Skirmish at Valley Forge and Paoli.
 
9 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. “The Opening of the Campaign” bus tour led by Michael Harris
 
Bus Tour Description:
Our first bus tour day will focus on August 25-September 21, 1777.  This period covers the British landings in northeastern Maryland, the engagement at Cooch's Bridge in northern Delaware, the Battle of Brandywine, the Battle of the Clouds, the September 18, 1777 skirmish at Valley Forge and the Battle of Paoli.
 Sites to visit:
· Cooch’s Bridge Site— site of the first land engagement of the 1777 Philadelphia Campaign. It was the first ever engagement in which the American light infantry were engaged. 
· Brandywine Battlefield -  site of the largest land engagement of the American Revolution. 
· Birmingham Hill - walking the site of the heaviest fighting.
· Paoli Battlefield - where Anthony Wayne’s continental division was surprised and overrun in the middle of  the night by a British assault column. This is arguably the site of the oldest battle monument in the country.
· Washington Headquarter site at Valley Forge—today, Valley Forge National Historic Park is preserved as the site of the Continental Army’s 1777-1778 winter encampment. This stop will focus on the skirmish that took place here on Sept. 18, 1777 near the future site of Washington’s headquarters involving Light Horse Harry Lee and Alexander Hamilto.n
· And more!
 
Dinner on your own.
 
 
The rest of the evening is yours to explore the area.
 
 
 SATURDAY, MAY 2
 
 
· Pre-Bus Tour Lecture held in the Holiday Inn conference room
· Bus leaves from Holiday Inn following lecture
· Lunch included
· Conference completion by 4:30 p.m.
 
8 - 9 a.m. Pre-Bus Tour Lecture: Overview on the River War: Billingsport, Fort Mercer and Fort Mifflin
 
9 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. “The River War” bus tour led by Michael Harris
 
Bus Tour Description:
Our second bus tour will focus on the efforts by the British high command to combat American fortification along the Delaware River and open access to British shipping.  This tour will focus on early October through mid November, 1777 and the sites of Fort Billingsport, Fort Mercer, and Fort Mifflin.
 Sites to visit:
· Fort Billingsport—As the British began efforts to open up the Delaware River to British shipping in October 1777, Fort Billingsport was the first American position to be assaulted.
· Fort Mercer and Whitehall House—earthwork at Fort Mercer was the site of a massive Hessian assault on Oct. 22, 1777 in a further British effort to open the river to British shipping.
· Fort Mifflin—while Fort Mifflin was significantly altered in the years following the American Revolution, the site witnessed one of the most sustained sieges of the war in October-November 1777 and witnessed heroic efforts by Continental soldiers to defend what was once an island fortification.
· And more!
 
Dinner on your own.
 
The rest of the evening is yours to explore the area
 
SUNDAY, MAY 3
 
· Pre-Bus Tour Lecture held in the Holiday Inn conference room
· Bus leaves from Holiday Inn following lecture
· Lunch included
· Dinner on your own
 
8 - 9 a.m. Pre-Bus Tour Lecture: Lecture on second half of the campaign including the occupation of Philadelphia, Battle of Germantown, Engagement at White Marsh and Valley Forge.
 
9 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. “The Final Campaign” bus tour led by Michael Harris
 
Bus Tour Description:
Our third and final bus tour will focus on the land campaign of September 22 through late December 1777.  This period covers the Battle of Germantown, the engagement at Whitemarsh, and the eventual encampment at Valley Forge.
 
 Sites to visit:
· Peter Wentz House—the site of Washington’s headquarters prior to the Battle of Germantown and where he planned the assault on the British garrison at Germantown.
· Cliveden—the home of Benjamin Chew where numerous American assaults were launched on the house that was held by a small British force during much of the battle.
· Valley Forge National Park—site of the American winter encampment during 1777-1778 and where Baron von Steuben famously trained the Continentals to be a professional military force during much of the battle.
 
 Conference Completion by 4:30 p.m.
 

Seminar registration fee schedule:


____$550  Members Conference Package (Entire program, Thursday thru Sunday)
____$575  Non-Members Conference Package (Entire program, Thursday thru Sunday)
____$90  Thursday Sessions Only
____$175  Friday Morning Lecture & Bus Tour
____$175  Saturday Morning Lecture & Bus Tour
____$175  Sunday Morning Lecture & Bus Tour
 

*Early Bird Pricing - Save $30 when you register for the Members or Non-Members Conference Package by Nov. 1, 2019. Use code EARLY30 when registering online.

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Payment Policy: Full payment is due prior to seminar.

Cancellation Policy: -Seminar registrations cancelled two weeks before a scheduled seminar are subject to a $100 per person administrative fee; cancellations received within two weeks will be charged 50% of the registration fee, including partial registrations or $100 (whichever is greater).

►  Chambersburg Civil War Seminars and Tours, in making arrangements for the transportation, accommodations and other services referred to herein, acts only as an agent for the owner or operator, and its responsibility is limited to that of an agent. By registering for the Chambersburg Civil War Seminars with registration form, online,  or phone call, participant or those traveling with you agrees to defend, indemnify and hold harmless the Greater Chambersburg Chamber of Commerce, and their agents, servants and employees, from and against any claim, cost, expense for liability (including attorney’s fees), attributable to bodily injury, sickness, disease, or death, or to damage to or destruction of property (including loss of use thereof) in connection with any accommodations, transportation or other travel services resulting directly or indirectly from any occurrences or condition beyond our control.

►  We reserve the right to make changes in the tours where necessary, due to unforeseen circumstances. We do not like to cancel tours but if we must cancel due to insufficient participation or other circumstances, our total obligation will be to refund all monies paid to us for the specific event.

►  We strive to accommodate all of our seminar participants. If you have ANY dietary restrictions, please tell us during registration so we can make the appropriate arrangements.

►  All photos/videos taken before, during, and after events are the property of Chambersburg Civil War Seminars & Tours. These will be used at the discretion of the organization and may be used for marketing and advertising purposes both online and in print.

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Chambersburg Civil War Seminars & Tours is an affiliate of the Greater Chambersburg Chamber of Commerce. The purpose of this partnership is to drive awareness about our local military heritage and support local businesses.

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