Virtual

THE 1777 PHILADELPHIA CAMPAIGN

APRIL 30 - MAY 2, 2021

 

Welcome to our virtual spring 2020 program: The 1777 Philadelphia Campaign. The health and well-being of our members is our top priority, so we have converted the original program to a virtual platform via Zoom. Portions of the conference will be pre-recorded, but all tour guides will be LIVE via Zoom for commentary and questions.

 

*Please note this conference will only happen if at least 50 people are registered by March 1, 2021.*

 

Led by Michael C. Harris, we will focus on the Battles of Brandywine, Paoli, Germantown, Whitemarsh and the winter encampment at Valley Forge. Sites to visit include Cooch's Bridge, Brandywine Battlefield, Valley Forge National Historic Park, Billingsport, Fort Mercer, Fort Mifflin, Peter Wentz House and more! 

ITINERARY

GENERAL INFORMATION:
 

· Conference held virtually via Zoom. Registered guests receive Zoom login information prior to conference.

· Tour Guides will be available LIVE to give their tour and answer questions

· A waiting room will be enabled each day to verify each person is registered for the conference.

· Each participant will receive a digital packet of tactical maps. If you would like the packet mailed to you via UPS, there is an additional $15 fee.

· Parts of the tours will be pre-recorded and shown during the Zoom call. All tour guides and speakers will be LIVE on the Zoom call for commentary and questions.


 
  
FRIDAY, APRIL 30

 

9:45 a.m. Welcome & Introduction by Eric Wittenberg, program coordinator

 

10 - 10:30 a.m. Orientation Lecture: Overview on the opening of the campaign including sea voyage, Continental indecision, Cooch’s Bridge, Brandywine, Battle of the Clouds, Skirmish at Valley Forge and Paoli.

 

10:30 a.m. - 3 p.m. “The Opening of the Campaign” virtual tour led by Michael Harris

 

**Please note there will be a 1 hour break from 12 to 1 p.m. for lunch and to prevent Zoom fatigue.

 

Virtual Tour Description:

Our first tour day will focus on August 25-September 21, 1777.  This period covers the British landings in northeastern Maryland, the engagement at Cooch's Bridge in northern Delaware, the Battle of Brandywine, the Battle of the Clouds, the September 18, 1777 skirmish at Valley Forge and the Battle of Paoli.

 

Sites to visit virtually:

· Cooch’s Bridge Site— site of the first land engagement of the 1777 Philadelphia Campaign. It was the first ever engagement in which the American light infantry were engaged. 

· Brandywine Battlefield -  site of the largest land engagement of the American Revolution. 

· Battle of the Clouds—The September 16 action that could have destroyed Washington’s army. While minor skirmishing did take place, a massive rainstorm prevented a full-scale engagement.

· Washington Headquarter site at Valley Forge—today, Valley Forge National Historic Park is preserved as the site of the Continental Army’s 1777-1778 winter encampment. This stop will focus on the skirmish that took place here on Sept. 18, 1777 near the future site of Washington’s headquarters involving Light Horse Harry Lee and Alexander Hamilton.

· Paoli Battlefield - where Anthony Wayne’s continental division was surprised and overrun in the middle of  the night by a British assault column. This is arguably the site of the oldest battle monument in the country.

 

Break Time!

 

7 to 9 p.m. Evening Sessions

 

·  “An Opportunity of Annoying Them Greatly” The Battle of Cooch’s Bridge (3 September 1777) - The Opening Engagement of The Philadelphia Campaign and the Invasion of the Upper Delmarva Peninsula - talk by Wade P. Catts, RPA,

The opening engagement of the Philadelphia campaign, the Battle of Cooch’s Bridge (or Iron Hill) was a short but spirited engagement between the vanguard of the British army and an American Light Infantry Corps. The presentation integrates historical, topographical, and archaeological studies into a discussion of the battle and its context, using contemporary British, Hessian, and American accounts to reconstruct the course of the engagement, the landscape over which the battle was fought, and the battle’s outcome.


 
SATURDAY, MAY 1
 

10 - 10:30 a.m. Orientation Lecture: Overview on the River War: Billingsport, Fort Mercer and Fort Mifflin

 

10:30 a.m. - 3 p.m. “The River War” led by Michael Harris

 

**Please note there will be a 1 hour break from 12 to 1 p.m. for lunch and to prevent Zoom fatigue.

 

Virtual Tour Description:

Our second tour will focus on the efforts by the British high command to combat American fortification along the Delaware River and open access to British shipping. This tour will focus on early October through mid November, 1777 and the sites of Fort Billingsport, Fort Mercer, and Fort Mifflin.

 

Sites to visit virtually:

· Fort Billingsport—As the British began efforts to open up the Delaware River to British shipping in October 1777, Fort Billingsport was the first American position to be assaulted.

· Fort Mercer and Whitehall House—earthwork at Fort Mercer was the site of a massive Hessian assault on Oct. 22, 1777 in a further British effort to open the river to British shipping.

· Fort Mifflin—while Fort Mifflin was significantly altered in the years following the American Revolution, the site witnessed one of the most sustained sieges of the war in October-November 1777 and witnessed heroic efforts by Continental soldiers to defend what was once an island fortification.

Break Time!

 

7 to 9 p.m. Evening Sessions

 

· “Remember Paoli” - talk by Jim Christ

"Remember Paoli", it is the nation's first battle cry and was born of the battle that was fought in Malvern, PA on night of September 20th, 1777. Learn about how British General Charles "No Flint" Grey lead around 2,000 men at night into the Great Valley to surprise over 2,000 of General Anthony Wayne's men and 2,100 Maryland Militia under General William Smallwood. The ninth bloodiest battle of the Revolutionary War left Philadelphia open to British occupation, and also left a lasting impact in the local community. In 1817 the second oldest War Memorial was dedicated and is still remembered today with the Malvern Memorial Parade. Let's explore why this battle is called the "Paoli Massacre," as well as common myths such as soldiers being asleep during the attack. General Anthony Wayne would get his reputation back during the Battle of Stony Point, NY in which he used lessons learned from the Paoli Battle to earn a complete victory and international acclaim.

 

· Meet & Greet Breakout Sessions (videos on!)


 
 
 SUNDAY, MAY 2
 

10 - 10:30 a.m. Orientation Lecture: Lecture on second half of the campaign including the occupation of Philadelphia, Battle of Germantown, Engagement at White Marsh and Valley Forge.

 

10:30 a.m. - 3 p.m. “The Final Campaign” virtual tour led by Michael Harris

 

**Please note there will be a 1 hour break from 12 to 1 p.m. for lunch and to prevent Zoom fatigue.

 

Virtual Tour Description:

Our third and final bus tour will focus on the land campaign of September 22 through late December 1777.  This period covers the Battle of Germantown, the engagement at Whitemarsh, and the eventual encampment at Valley Forge.

 Sites to visit virtually:

· Pennypacker Mills

· Peter Wentz House—the site of Washington’s headquarters prior to the Battle of Germantown and where he planned the assault on the British garrison at Germantown.

· Cliveden—the home of Benjamin Chew where numerous American assaults were launched on the house that was held by a small British force during much of the battle.

· Whitemarsh—The December 5-6 action that spelled William Howe’s final attempt to draw Washington into a major action

· Valley Forge National Park—site of the American winter encampment during 1777-1778 and where Baron von Steuben famously trained the Continentals to be a professional military force during much of the battle.

 Break Time!

 

7 to 9 p.m. Evening Sessions

 

· “Did Howe really steal a day’s march on Washington on 10 September 1777?” - talk by Bob Selig

 

 Most accounts of troop movements on 9 September and 10 September 1777 credit Sir William Howe with a fast and clandestine re-deployment of his forces on 10 September which caught George Washington and the Continental Army off guard and afforded Howe a day's worth of time to finalize his plans and deploy his troops for the battle on 11 September. An in-depth look at British and American troop movement during the 24 hours before the first exchange of fire on 11 September 1777 shows that Washington was well aware of British troop movements and had his forces in place well before Howe reached the vicinity of the Brandywine river.

 

 Conference Completion by 9 p.m.

Seminar registration fee schedule:

____$200 Members Conference Package (Entire program, Friday thru Sunday)

____$225 Non-Members Conference Package (Entire program, Friday thru Sunday)

____$75  Friday Only

____$75  Saturday Only

____$75  Sunday Only

 ____$15 Hard Copy Maps Packet mailed via UPS (all participants receive a digital copy)

**CONFERENCE NOTICE

Our original conference structure has changed to a virtual format due to COVID-19. This conference will only happen if at least 50 people are registered by March 1, 2021.  If there is not enough interest, it will be cancelled and full refunds issued. 

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Payment Policy: Full payment is due prior to seminar.

Cancellation Policy: -Seminar registrations cancelled two weeks before a scheduled seminar are subject to a $100 per person administrative fee; cancellations received within two weeks will be charged 50% of the registration fee, including partial registrations or $100 (whichever is greater).

►  Chambersburg Civil War Seminars and Tours, in making arrangements for the transportation, accommodations and other services referred to herein, acts only as an agent for the owner or operator, and its responsibility is limited to that of an agent. By registering for the Chambersburg Civil War Seminars with registration form, online,  or phone call, participant or those traveling with you agrees to defend, indemnify and hold harmless the Greater Chambersburg Chamber of Commerce, and their agents, servants and employees, from and against any claim, cost, expense for liability (including attorney’s fees), attributable to bodily injury, sickness, disease, or death, or to damage to or destruction of property (including loss of use thereof) in connection with any accommodations, transportation or other travel services resulting directly or indirectly from any occurrences or condition beyond our control.

►  We reserve the right to make changes in the tours where necessary, due to unforeseen circumstances. We do not like to cancel tours but if we must cancel due to insufficient participation or other circumstances, our total obligation will be to refund all monies paid to us for the specific event.

►  We strive to accommodate all of our seminar participants. If you have ANY dietary restrictions, please tell us during registration so we can make the appropriate arrangements.

►  All photos/videos taken before, during, and after events are the property of Chambersburg Civil War Seminars & Tours. These will be used at the discretion of the organization and may be used for marketing and advertising purposes both online and in print.

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Chambersburg Civil War Seminars & Tours is an affiliate of the Greater Chambersburg Chamber of Commerce. The purpose of this partnership is to drive awareness about our local military heritage and support local businesses.

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Chambersburg Civil War Seminars & Tours

 

100 Lincoln Way East, Chambersburg, PA 17201

 

Tel: 717-264-7101 ext. 206

 

Email: lkennedy@chambersburg.org

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